Preventing Deer Damage to Trees
Some tree growers recommend trunk guards to protect small trees from rutting behavior. Plastic tree guards prevent the tree trunks from getting light and can hide invasive insects, and wire guards that are not monitored regularly can girdle a growing tree and result in the tree's death.
Some homeowners prefer to plant trees that deer do not like to eat. Deer have been known to avoid eating some types of pine (such as Austrian and black), birches (sweet and paperbark), and spruces (Norway and white). This approach has been effective in limited cases, but eventually, if they get hungry enough, deer will eat almost any type of plant available.
The options for dealing with deer incursions on trees, gardens, and yards in suburban areas can be limited. Zoning laws may prevent the installation of deer fencing, which can also be expensive to install, particularly in varied terrain. To be effective, deer fencing must be tall enough to prevent deer from jumping over it, which may result in objections from neighbors concerned about neighborhood aesthetics.